112 Ways of Yoga – Intro To Vijnana Bhairava Tantra

112 Ways of Yoga – Intro To Vijnana Bhairava Tantra


The word rava in sanskrit means sound. bhairava is that which is beyond sound. vijnAna bhairava tantra, is so named, because
it is a tantra, which is a set of techniques, in this case, one hundred and twelve such
techniques. The purpose of which, is to gain knowledge,
or vijnAna, of the nature of what is beyond sound, bhairava. In this video, let’s do an in-depth exploration,
of vijnAna bhairava tantra, a compilation of one hundred and sixty two beautiful shlokas,
which capture a conversation between Lord Shiva, and devi pArvatI. The Sanskrit Channel is an effort to explore
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below. dEvI pArvatI once asked Lord Shiva, kim rUpam
tattvatO dEva, shabda rAshi kalAmayam. O Lord, what is the nature of your true form,which
is manifest as sound=shabda, forms=rAshi, and attributes=kala.parAparAyAH sakalam, aparAyAshcha
vA punaH. Is it constantly changing, and transforming
or is it unchanging and transcendental. Lord Shiva, in response tells her that his
true nature is not sound=rava. It is infact beyond sound, or bhai-rava. He then goes on to give her one hundred and
twelve methods, in which she can know this as an experiential reality within her own
self. These 112 methods seem extremely simple at
a first look, but they hold deepest secrets of yoga within them. These practices are most fruitful, when practiced
under the guidance of a capable guru. It is also important to note the context in
which these methods were delivered. This kind of a transmission can happen when
there is utmost intimacy, and trust between the provider and the receiver. That is why the narration is set in the background
of an intimate conversation between dEvi pArvatI and Lord Shiva. These practices can be quite impractical if
they are just read as an intellectual exercise. They can however be the gateway to profound
realization if practiced under the right situations and the right kind of approach. This is one of the main reasons why many gurus,
while mentioning the 112 ways, never really teach them fully, except in intimate gatherings. For a general understanding of how these techniques
are, we can look at them as multiple categories. Out of these 112 methods,
9 are centred around the breath. Among these are the techniques like shloka
64 which says, vAyudvayasya saMghaTTAdantarvA bahirantataH
yOgI samatvavijnAna-samudgamana-bhAjanam || 64 || this means, by balancing the inhalation and
exhalation, both outside and inside the body, a yogi attains equilibrium. 11 methods are centered around the utterance
of syllables and sounds. These fall under the science of mantra yOga. Among these are shlokas like shloka39, which
says, praNavAdisamucchArAtplutAntE shUnyabhAvanAt
shUnyayA parayA shaktyA shUnyatAmEti bhairavi || 39 || this means by repeated chant of the pranava,
the sound which is a combination of the syllables aa, uu and mm, making it long and drawn out,
and by focusing on the silence at the end, one experiences the transcendental void. 22 methods work with one’s desires and feelings. These are the ones like shloka74 which says,
yatra yatra manastuShTirmanastatraiva dhArayEt tatra tatra parAnandasvarUpam sampravartatE
|| 74 || this means, wherever the mind feels fully
content, that is where it should be focused upon. There alone, the nature of supreme bliss manifests. 12 methods make use of focus or concentration,
which is what is generally referred to as meditation today. There are 3 ways of relaxation and easing
oneself into an experiential state. 7 techniques make use of the practise of focused
looking. Among these are techniques like shloka 84
which says, AkAsham vimalam pashyan kRtvA dRShTim nirantaram
stabdhAtmA tatkShaNAddevi bhairavam vapurApnuyAt || 84 || this means, By fixing uninterupted gaze at
a clear sky, with steady unwavering attention,one becomes the very embodiment of bhairava. 10 methods mention the visualisation of light. 5 methods make use of sudden cessation of
activity. 12 methods make use of the all pervasiveness
nature the universe 11 methods make use of rational thought to
identify the self. 7 techniques emphasise being one with the
consciousness and 3 methods deal with the emptiness or the
void of the universe. In this, are techniques like shloka87 which
says, EvamEva durnishAyAm kRShNapakShAgamE chiram
taimiram bhAvayan rUpam bhairavam rUpamEShyati || 87 || this means, in a darkest night of the new
moon, by contemplating on the darkness and the void of existence, a sAdhaka attains the
nature of bhairava. vijnAna bhairava tantra also gives instruction
on how to use sexual intercourse and the energy that propels sexual desire, as a stepping
stone towards profound meditative states. But as i said before, all of this study, while
it satisfies our curiosity, doesn’t take us towards any state of experience unless handled
properly under right care and guidance. I hope this video gave you a deeper insight
into vijnAna bhairava tantra. I’ll attach links for further reading on this
topic, in the description below. If you wish to support the production of more
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where we explore hidden gems, in the Vast world of diverse sanskrit literature. See you in the next video, namaskaram